21st Century Political Science: Handbook of Reference

21st Century Political Science: Handbook of Reference

Politics, as some would have it, is "the art of the impossible." In other words, enemies can become friends, and friends can become enemies, (perhaps over and again !). By this token, all wars are meant to end; only to resume. The numerous ceasefires in Syria, the worst humanitarian tragedy in the 21st century, are a testament to the brittle nature of politics and words.

It is any one's wonders why constructivists, who make a name of convincing people that wars do matters, and can become reality, are not more persuaded by the argument of realism. That what matters more and most are self-interest only; evidently vested-interest of the powers that be.

Indeed, there is an Arabic proverb that goes "the enemy of my enemy is my friend." To the degree this is true, then politics can acquire many permutations. Tribes in Afghanistan, perhaps due to their relative small size, which enhances their collective instinct to survive, can switch and change their allegiances swiftly, as per the circumstances of the state of the countries; all except their own genealogical identity.

Not surprisingly, the science of studying politics must diverge and divide into many branches too. This handbook is a testament, too, to the disciplinary complexities of political science, ranging from philosophy, to international relations, history of political thoughts, to American politics.

Since no one can actually claim to be an expert in all fields, the task of explicating the vast literature redounds to many junior and senior faculty members that pepper across the United States. In this sense, the book showcases the richness of American political science; which concurrently dovetails with the constitutional mission of the country, to seek the "pursuit of life, liberty and happiness."

Sadly, while the US has always endeavored to be the beacon of hope, the world has witnessed many devastating wars, which gives rise to the perennial suspicion if American imperium alone is enough to maintain world peace. Perhaps what is needed is the joint mobilization of everyone to understand politics in a more refined manner, which this book does amply provide.